Size & Fit / Human Factors

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Size & Fit / Human Factors

With proven success as a non-invasive medical modality (3D surface image) in prestigious research institutions and teaching hospitals worldwide, 3dMD applied its knowledge and expertise of scanning live subjects to the degree of image accuracy required for planning patient treatment to the areas of full-body anthropometrics, human factors, ergonomics, and size/fit. In 2009 the US military migrated from laser scanners to 3dMDbody Systems to help optimize the ergonomic fit of military equipment and design of government issued uniforms.

3dMD systems ensure an optimum Episode of Encounter with every subject by combining ultra-fast scan speeds (1.5ms) to ensure anatomical-3D precision with every capture and workflow efficiencies to handle the challenges associated with high-throughput environments. This ability enables 3dMD images to support 3D printing applications and new concepts in sporting and leisure apparel with minimal labor costs, no measurement error, and a positive consumer experience.

3dMD Optimizes the Episode of Encounter

All 3dMD systems are designed to optimize the Episode of Encounter with the subject, or consumer. This is defined as the time between the consumer entering the imaging zone and the 3dMD image becoming available for a consultation with the consumer on a workstation or tablet. The Episode of Encounter typically includes the following steps:

  • Step 1: the subject enters the imaging zone
  • Step 2: the operator explains the process and positions the subject
  • Step 3: the subject poses
  • Step 4: the operator initiates the 3D capture
  • Step 5: the 3D system takes the 3D image
  • Step 6: the 3D system renders the 3D image
  • Step 7: the 3D image is transferred and available for a consultation on a workstation or tablet

Reliable throughput efficiency and quality 3D image output with every capture shortens the Episode of Encounter to sustain the consumer’s interest through the process; maximize consultation time with the consumer at the end of the process; and minimize labor costs associated with producing a 3D image and/or prolonged time with the consumer. This vast efficiency achieved enables the workflow to now be guided by the Experience the retailer or manufacturer wants to create for their potential buyers.

With 3dMD, the workflow is no longer dictated by the constraints of the 3D scanner such as a laser device slowly scanning from head to toe or, more importantly, the long capture times associated with a handheld device being waved all around the subject’s body. The larger the surface area (such as full body), the more passes the handheld device needs to adequately cover the full area and occluded regions. The more passes needed, the longer the elapsed capture time. The longer the capture time… the increased chance that there will be motion errors introduced into the common reference system for generating a 3D scan. In contrast to the handheld method, 3dMD can decrease labor costs by 20-40% depending on the knowledge of the handheld operator and improve the consumer experience by 100% with an instantaneous 3D capture and anatomically-sound 3D image.

3dMD customers have already identified a significant improvement in cost of ownership by selecting the 3dMD system due to both its quality of engineering for long life and significant improvement in workflow dynamics minimizing disruption to subjects. For example, a 3dMDfoot System captures 10-15 temporal-3D images of the subject’s foot during a single step. 3dMD provides the rendered images a few seconds later, so it is available for immediate consultation with the customer. With 3dMD, a throughput rate of one subject per minute is very achievable, which would support 500-600 Episodes of Encounter per day.

3dMD Technology Options

Today 3dMD provides a complete product portfolio of system configurations to capture full bodies, hands, feet, torsos, legs, ears, heads, and faces. For these anatomical regions, there are two 3dMD capture technology options:

  • Static-3D Systems: Captures a single 3dMD image in 1.5 milliseconds
  • Temporal-3D Systems (4D): Captures a series of dynamic 3dMD images over a period of time (up to 60 3D frames per second). This opens up the possibility of documenting dynamic natural poses and activities, as well as subject interactions such as a person sitting within a cockpit (or an automobile) or a hand interacting with an instrument (or device).

For retailers and manufacturers, 3dMD offers standard 3dMD systems or private label system options designed for field deployment. Working to the customer’s requirements, 3dMD designs and delivers a chassis-based system that can be integrated into a customer-branded imaging station, which can be located in a retail center or public environment.

Engineered using industrial-strength optical components developed in-house by 3dMD combined with industrial cameras specified by 3dMD, 3dMD systems are designed to provide reliable service for customers over many years.

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