Three-dimensional gender differences in facial form of children in the North East of England. I Bugaighis, C Mattick, B Tiddeman, and R Hobson

Article: Three-dimensional gender differences in facial form of children in the North East of England

Authors: I. Bugaighis , B.D.S., speciality in Orthodontics, Ph.D., C.R. Mattick , B.Ch.D., F.D.S.R.C.S., M.Sc., M.Orth.R.C.S., F.Orth.R.C.S., B. Tiddeman , B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D., R. Hobson , B.D.S., M.D.S., Ph.D., F.D.S., M.D.Orth. R.C.P.S. (Glas.), F.D.S. R.C.S. (Ed.), F.D.S. R.C.S. (Eng.), S.F.H.E.A.
Source: European Journal of Orthodontics
Date: April 2011

Purpose: The aim of the prospective cross-sectional morphometric study was to explore three dimensional (3D) facial shape and form (shape plus size) variation within and between 8- and 12-year-old Caucasian children; 39 males age-matched with 41 females.