Date: April 2013
Source: Facial Plastic Surgery.; 29(2): 106-15. doi: 10.1055/s-0033-1341588.
Abstract: Three-dimensional (3D) imaging is a relatively new method of objectively evaluating surgical results, allowing the surgeon to accurately measure postsurgical changes with little inconvenience to the patient. Its accuracy and reliability has been consistently demonstrated in the literature. This article describes updated methods that we use with 3D imaging software to assess rhinoplasty results at our institution. The measurements described include the assessment of symmetry, tip projection, rotation, volume, width, and topographic width. We also apply these techniques to assess the surgical changes of patients with unilateral clefts who underwent secondary rhinoplasty performed by the senior author.
Article: Three-dimensional evaluation of unilateral cleft rhinoplasty results.
Authors: TK Dixon, BP Caughlin, N Munaretto, DM Toriumi, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA.