Date: August 2015
Source: Proceedings 19th Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2015), Melbourne, Australia.
Abstract: Designers integrate the use of anthropometric data in their design process to optimize the usability and functioning of a product while improving comfort and safety. Information regarding the size and shape of the human body are important when it comes to designing products in general, and especially where fit is essential such as helmets, ventilation masks and goggles. Advances in 3D imaging technologies have facilitated the collection of these measurements and shapes. In addition, because of the high capturing speed, these technologies have great advantage when gathering anthropometric data of elderly or children. In order to design a ventilation mask for young children an anthropometric survey was conducted to map the shape of the head and face of children between the ages of 0.5 to 7 years old. A total of 307 children were measured through a combination of traditional anthropometric measurements and 3D scan-derived measurements. The facial measurements of children 6 years of age were analysed and in order to map the variation between them, a Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was conducted. The results of the PCA could give designers an insight into the measurements that explain the variation in children’s faces.
Article: Analysis of a 3D Anthropometric Data Set of Children for Design Applications.
Authors: Lyè Goto, Wonsup Lee, Yu Song, Johan Molenbroek, and Richard Goossens, a Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, THE NETHERLANDS.