Date: December 2022.
Source: Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research, 00:1–8.
Objective: To compare the immediate three-dimensional (3D) perioral soft-tissue changes and impact on speech induced by clear aligners and fixed appliances
Materials and Methods: In this repeated-measure experimental study, stereophotogrammetric 3D photographs of 40 participants were recorded before and immediately after the introduction of clear aligners and fixed appliances. The 3D surface meshes were registered to quantify changes in the direction and magnitude of nine soft tissue landmarks located on the upper and lower lips. Self-reported speech disturbance was evaluated using a questionnaire. Data were analysed using repeated-measures analysis of variance.
Results: In the vertical plane, the clear aligners induced inferior displacement (range 0.4-1.5 mm) for all nine landmarks (P< .01), whereas fixed appliances induced inferior displacement only of A-point (0.4 ± 0.9 mm), right crista philtri (0.5 ± 1.1 mm) and left crista philtri (0.7 ± 1.1 mm). The clear aligners induced greater vertical changes than fixed appliances for all landmarks (P< .05). In the sagittal plane, both clear aligners and fixed appliances slightly advanced all perioral landmarks, except subnasale. Fixed appliances caused greater changes than clear aligners for right cheilion (+0.8 mm), left cheilion (+0.8 mm) and labrale inferius (+0.9 mm) (P< .01). Both orthodontic appliances had a significant self-perceived effect on speech, with clear aligners affecting speech to a greater degree.
Conclusions: Clear aligners and fixed appliances produced immediate effects on perioral soft tissues, which are most evident in the vertical plane for clear aligners, and in the sagittal plane for fixed appliances. Speech was affected by both appliances

Article: Immediate effect of clear aligners and fixed appliances on perioral soft tissues and speech.
Authors: Darren Wang, Fiona Firth, Florence Bennani, Mauro Farella, Li Mei. Department of Oral Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry,
University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.