Date: March 2023.
Source: Spine Deform.
Purpose: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a deformity of the spine that results in external asymmetry of the torso in the shoulder, waist, and rib hump. Several patient reported outcome measures (PROMS) including the Trunk Appearance Perception Scale (TAPS) and SRS-22r self-image domain are used to measure the patient’s self-perception. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between objective surface topographic measurements of the torso to subjective patient self-perception.
Methods: 131 AIS subjects and 37 controls participated in this study. All subjects completed TAPS and SRS-22r PROMS followed by whole body 3d surface topographic scanning. An automated analysis pipeline was used to compute 57 measurements. Multivariate linear models were developed to predict TAPS and SRS-22r self-image using each unique combination of 3 parameters and leave one out validation where the best combinations were selected.
Results: Back surface rotation, waist crease vertical asymmetry and rib prominence volume were most predictive of TAPS. The final predicted TAPS values from leave one out cross validation was correlated to ground truth TAPS scores with an R value of 0.65. Back surface rotation, silhouette centroid deviation, and shoulder normal asymmetry were most predictive of SRS-22r self-image with a correlation of R = 0.48.
Conclusions: Surface topographic measurements of the torso are correlated to TAPS and SRS-22r self-image scores in AIS patients and controls, with TAPS exhibiting a stronger relationship, better reflecting the patient’s external asymmetries.

Article: 3D surface topographic measurements for idiopathic scoliosis are highly correlative to patient self-image questionnaires.
Authors: Ankush Thakur, Benjamin Groisser, Howard J Hillstrom, Matthew E Cunningham, M Timothy Hresko, Hila Otremski, Kyle W Morse, Kira Page, Caroline Gmelich, Ron Kimmel, Alon Wolf, Roger F Widmann, Jessica H Heyer. Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA.