Date: March/April 2023.
Source: The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 34(2):p 471-474. | DOI: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000008852.
Abstract: A new reference plane of the head, based on soft tissue landmarks and suitable for clinical analysis and soft tissue measurements, is needed. We recently discovered a novel reference plane, that is, the COs plane, which was formed by bilateral Lateral Canthus and bilateral Otobasion Superius and might be horizontal at the natural head position (NHP). In this study, we investigated the angles between the COs plane and the true horizontal (TrH) plane while sitting and standing, aiming to explore whether the new plane could be used as a substitution for the reference plane in clinical practice. Briefly, 26 volunteers were enrolled. Their sitting and standing NHP were recorded using the 3dMDface system. In the pitch axis, the mean angle of COs/TrH was 0.29 degrees and 0.41 degrees for sitting and standing positions, respectively, showing no statistical difference (P>0.05). However, in the roll axis, the mean angle of COs/TrH for sitting position and standing positions was 1.08 and 1.33 degrees (P<0.05), which was considered to be the result of habitual canting of the head. Moreover, there were no significant differences between the sitting and standing NHP, considering the COs/TrH angles (P>0.05). To sum up, we concluded that the COs plane could be used as a reliable reference plane in certain soft tissue analysis and clinical applications.

Article: A Preliminary Study of a Novel Reference Plane of the Head: Comparing With the True Horizontal Plane.
Authors: Kaiyue Tian, MD; Zuo Zhou, MM; Kaiyu Zhang, MD; Lin Wang, MD. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, PR China.