A Cross-Sectional Study to Understand 3D Facial Differences in a Population of African Americans and Caucasians. CH Kau, J Wang, M Davis.

Date: December 2019. Source: European Journal of Dentistry 2019; 13(04): 485-496 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3400551. Objective: The purpose of this cross-sectional retrospective study was to use three-dimensional surface imaging to determine gender dimorphism and facial morphological changes from adolescence to adulthood in African American and Caucasian populations. Materials and Methods: Three-dimensional images were captured and the total…

Unilateral Cleft Lip Nasal Deformity: Foundation-Based Approach to Primary Rhinoplasty. RW Tse, E Mercan, DM Fisher, RA Hopper, CB Birgfeld, J Gruss.

Date: November 2019. Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: Volume 144 – Issue 5 – p 1138-1149 doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000006182. Background: Cleft lip results in disruption of the nasal foundation and collapse of tip structures. Most approaches to primary rhinoplasty focus on correction of lower lateral cartilages; however, recurrent deformity is common, and secondary revision is frequently…

Exploring the midline soft tissue surface changes from 12 to 15 years of age in three distinct country population cohorts. S Richmond, AI Zhurov, ABM Ali, P Pirttiniemi, T Heikkinen, V Harila, S Silinevica, G Jakobsone, I Urtane.

Date: November 2019. Source: European Journal of Orthodontics, https://doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjz080. Introduction: Several studies have highlighted differences in the facial features in a White European population. Genetics appear to have a major influence on normal facial variation, and environmental factors are likely to have minor influences on face shape directly or through epigenetic mechanisms. Aim: The aim…

A 3D Follow-Up Study of Cranial Asymmetry from Early Infancy to Toddler Age after Preterm versus Term Birth. AM Launonen, H Aarnivala, P Kyteas, et al.

Date: October 2019. Source: Journal of Clinical Medicine 2019, 8, 1665; doi:10.3390/jcm8101665. Abstract: : Preterm infants are at higher risk for both symmetrical and asymmetrical head molding. This study involved 3D stereophotogrammetry to assess the cranial growth, molding, and incidence of deformational plagiocephaly (DP) in preterm children compared to term born children. Thirty-four preterm infants…

Volumetric Effect of Pregnancy on a Unilateral Facial Fat Graft. AJ Tuin, RH Rutger, FKL Frederik, et al.

Date: September 2019 (Online). Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery – Global Open: Volume 7, Issue 9, p e2358. doi: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000002358. Abstract: Weight gain can affect the volume of a facial fat graft, resulting in unfavorable asymmetries. Weight gain during pregnancy is more complex and does not just entail an increase in adipose tissue. This case…

The Prevalence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder Among Patients Presenting for Orthognathic Surgery. J Duininck, AG Becking.

Date: September 2019. Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 77, Issue 9, Supplement, Pages e11–e12. Objective: Patients suffering from Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) experience severe psychological distress resulting from an illusory physical deformation. Over the past decades, research has shown that patients suffering from BDD often seek medical help at departments other than…

Lay People Esthetic Evaluation of Primary Surgical Repair on Three-Dimensional Images of Cleft Lip and Palate Patients. E Staderini, M De Luca, et al.

Date: September 2019. Source: Medicina, 55, 576; doi:10.3390/medicina55090576. Objective: Previous literature has disclosed that facial attractiveness affects the esthetic evaluation of nose and lip deformity on frontal and lateral photographs. However, it has never been debated if the removal of the external facial features on three-dimensional (3D) models (“cropped assessment bias”) could provide a considerable…

Prospective Evaluation of Perioperative Steroid Dosing on Postsurgical Edema in Orthognathic Surgery. M Fay, JC Doucet.

Date: September 2019. Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Volume 77, Issue 9, Supplement, Page e11. Challenge: While there exists good evidence to support steroid use, there is no consensus on the optimal dose of methylprednisolone to be used in orthognathic surgery. The purpose of this study is to investigate the postoperative effects of…

Effect of facial profile convexity on the perception of mandibular asymmetry using three‐dimensional stereophotogrammetric images. GS Duran, FÖ Taşdelen, F Dindaroğlu.

Date: September 2019. Source: Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research 2020;23:110–117. DOI: 10.1111/ocr.12349. Objective: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that sagittal anomalies have an effect on the perception of mandibular asymmetry. Secondly, it aimed to determine the asymmetry perception threshold of orthodontist and laypeople. Setting and Sample Population: A total of 90…

Three-dimensional analysis of lip changes in response to simulated maxillary incisor advancement. J Au, L Mei, F Bennani, A Kang; M Farella.

Date: August 2019. Source: Angle Orthod. 2020;90:118–124. Objective: To assess the immediate response of lips in three dimensions (3D) resulting from simulated maxillary incisor advancement Materials and Methods: : Incremental maxillary incisor advancement was simulated by placing wax of increasing thickness (þ2 mm, þ4 mm, þ6 mm) on the incisors of 20 participants, and the…