Positional Plagiocephaly: Experience with a Passive Orthotic Mattress. P Sillifant, P Vaiude, S Bruce, D Quirk, A Sinha, S Burn, D Richardson, C Duncan.

Date: July 2014. Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 25(4):1365-8. Abstract: Positional plagiocephaly (deformational or occipital plagiocephaly) is the most common head-shape deformity, which is presented to specialist craniofacial units. The aim of management is to reduce pressure on the affected area in the expectation that brain growth will drive normalization of the head shape. Current…

Quantitative Evaluation of the Facial Morphology of a Tolteca Figurine from Mexico using Geometric Morphometric Approaches. JM Starbuck.

Date: June 2014. Source: International Journal of Morphology. Volume 32, Number 2, pp 499–509. Summary: Morphometric approaches can be combined with 2D or 3D imaging to quantitatively evaluate craniofacial medical conditions depicted in material culture and to learn more about the culture being studied. A terra-cotta figurine (circa 500 A.D.) from the Tolteca culture of…

Exploratory genotype–phenotype correlations of facial form and asymmetry in unaffected relatives of children with non-syndromic cleft lip and/or palate. SF Miller, SM Weinberg, NL Nidey, DK Defay, ML Marazita, GL Wehby, LM Moreno Uribe.

Date: June 2014 Source: Journal of Anatomy, Volume 224, Issue 6, pp 688-709. Abstract: Family relatives of children with nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) who presumably carry a genetic risk yet do not manifest overt oral clefts, often present with distinct facial morphology of unknown genetic etiology. This study investigates distinct…

Reliability of Nasolabial Anthropometric Measures Using Three-Dimensional Stereophotogrammetry in Infants with Unrepaired Unilateral Cleft Lip. R Tse, L Booth, K Keys, B Saltzman, E Stuhaug, H Kapadia, C Heike.

Date: April 2014 Source: Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgery, Volume 133, Issue 4, p 530e–542e. Background: Surgical and orthodontic treatment of unilateral cleft lip +/– palate can produce dramatic changes in nasolabial form; however, the lack of ideal methods with which to objectively document three-dimensional form limits the…

Three-Dimensional Soft Tissue Change of the Malar Region with High Le-Fort 1 Advancement: Implications for Aesthetic Malar Contouring. D Morris, B Rosett, L Zhao, and P Patel.

Date: April 2014. Source: The Aesthetic Meeting 2014, San Francisco, USA. Abstract: While orthognathic procedures are performed for a number of clinical scenarios, a fundamental goal is to reposition the facial skeletal components so as to improve both function as well as aesthetics. For patients with malar hypoplasia, modification of the traditional Le Fort 1…

Modeling 3D Facial Shape from DNA. P Claes, DK Liberton, K Daniels, KM Rosana, EE Quillen, LN Pearson, B McEvoy, M Bauchet, AA Zaidi, W Yao, H Tang, GS Barsh, DM Absher, MD Shriver.

Date: March 2014 Source: PLOS Genetics. Abstract: Human facial diversity is substantial, complex, and largely scientifically unexplained. We used spatially dense quasi-landmarks to measure face shape in population samples with mixed West African and European ancestry from three locations (United States, Brazil, and Cape Verde). Using bootstrapped response-based imputation modeling (BRIM), we uncover the relationships…

The perception of facial asymmetry using 3-dimensional simulated images. G McAvinchey, F Maxim, B Nix, J Djordjevic, R Linklater, G Landini.

Date: March 2014. Source: The Angle Orthodontist (Online). Objective: To investigate the perception of facial asymmetry in young adults to identify the amounts of chin asymmetry that can be regarded as normal and may benefit from correction. Materials and Methods: Three-dimensional (3D) images of 56 individuals of mixed ethnicity were obtained and used to produce…

Digital imaging analysis to assess scar phenotype. BJ Smith, N Nidey, SF Miller, LMM Uribe, CL Baum, GS Hamilton, GL Wehby, M Dunnwald.

Date: March-April 2014. Source: Wound Repair and Regeneration, Volume 22, Issue 2, pages 228–238. Abstract: In order to understand the link between the genetic background of patients and wound clinical outcomes, it is critical to have a reliable method to assess the phenotypic characteristics of healed wounds. In this study, we present a novel imaging…

The cluster assessment of facial attractiveness using fuzzy neural network classifier based on 3D Moiré features. WC Chiang, HH Lin, CS Huang, LJ Lo, SY Wan.

Date: March 2014. Source: Pattern Recognition. Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 1249–1260. Abstract: Facial attractiveness has long been argued upon varied emphases by philosophers, artists, psychologists and biologists. A number of studies empirically investigated how facial attractiveness was influenced by 2D facial characteristics, such as symmetry, averageness and golden ratio. However, few implementations of facial…

Stereophotogrammetry-Based Facial Depth Measurements, A Novel Method for Quantifying Facial Projection. YSN Jayaratne, CK Deutsch, RA Zwahlen.

Date: February 2014. Source: Surgical Innovation, 21(1):59-64. Background: Orthognathic surgery leads to alteration of the spatial relationship of the mandible and maxilla resulting changes in the degree of facial projection. Traditional 2-dimensional cephalometry and photographic techniques do not provide data on facial depth. Though stereophotogrammetry can be used as a noninvasive method for evaluating facial…